Salerno is a fascinating synthesis of what the Mediterranean can offer to those who want to know it more closely. The city is increasingly becoming a welcoming community for tourists and visitors from all over the world. Its province is the largest in Campania and together with the Amalfi Coast, the archaeological area of Paestum and the uncontaminated Cilento, it also includes the wide plain crossed by the Sele river and its tributaries, and the Vallo di Diano. From above, in the dazzling frame of the sea and the sky, Salerno is like clinging to the sides of the mountain, in a spectacular position on the gulf. The city became the most flourishing center of the South with the conquest of the Lombards in the eighth century, in particular with the Duke Arechi II. Headquarters of the Principality, Salerno experienced a period of splendor, becoming also an important center of studies with the famous Salernitana Medical School, the oldest medical institution in the West. After the Longobards, it was the Normans and then the Swabians who favored the growth of the city, which stopped only in the sixteenth century, when power passed into the hands of the Spaniards. In September 1943 Salerno was the scene of the landing of the allies. Today Salerno is a city in full rebirth, theater of a transformation in the city laboratory, model of urban revival of international importance. The heart of the city is the medieval quarter, whose main artery is via dei mercanti. The narrow streets, today full of shops, follow the traces of the medieval urban planning, preserving beautiful period buildings and much of the religious architecture. The center of the commercial life of the city is the nineteenth-century neighborhoods near the beautiful waterfront Trieste, one of the longest in Italy, flanked by palm trees, from which you can enjoy the beautiful view of the gulf. An oasis of greenery is the municipal villa, the beautiful public garden next to the Giuseppe Verdi Municipal Theater.
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